The Four Most Used Military Cartridges
The four discussed here were the 4 most used from the dawn of smokeless powder through WWII. They enjoyed widespread use and tens of millions of rifles were made for them and used by many countries. All four of the 303 British ammo for sale cartridges have enjoyed some commercial success especially the 30-06. With good ammo they are useful hunting cartridges.
One of the first of them to be introduced was the 8 X 57 Mauser. Originally brought out in 1888 it was first used in the Commission rifle using a 318 diameter bullet. It originally used a 226 grain round nose at 2100 feet per second. In 1898 when the 98 Mauser came out it also employed this round. In 1905 the diameter was increased to 323 and employed a 154 grain bullet at nearly 2900 feet per second. The 318 diameter load was known as the J load while the newer spitzer was designated the S. Many countries employed this round for the military including, China, Poland and Czechoslovakia. Today it is used for sporting purposes in many countries. Like the others it is a capable sporting and big game load.
Developed in 1887 and introduced in 1888 the 303 British was also widely distributed and used for many years through WWII. Originally introduced with black powder and a 215 grain round nose smokeless propellant was introduced in 1892. A 174 grain spitzer was introduced in 1910 giving it greatly extended range. Velocity was rated at about 2400 feet per second. It served as the military rifle of Great Britain until 1957 when it was replaced by the 7.62 X 51 NATO round. As a sporting round it is still used in many places including Australia and Canada. With the proper ammo it is capable of taking most big game at sensible ranges.
In 1891 the Russians brought out the Mosen Nagant rifle in the 7.62 X 54 Rimmed. Like the rest it used a round nose bullet until 1909 when a 150 grain pointed bullet was employed at a velocity of around 2700 FPS. This round has the distinction of being the longest lived military round in use as even today its used in the Dragnov sniper rifles and heavy machine guns. The Russian round is still used in some target matches in Scandinavia and elsewhere. The rifles are cheap and plentiful plus ammo is available. Like the 303 and 8 X 57 new commercial rifles aren’t readily available though you can get a custom job.